Lesson 51 verbs in mixed unreal conditionals

Choose the correct answers:

Facts: Ahmad received a promotion at work last week. He is planning to take his family on a vacation.

  1. If Ahmad __________ (had not gotten, did not get) a promotion last week, he __________ (does not plan, will not be planning, would not be planning) to take his family on a vacation.
  2. The plane tickets have been sold out.  Now Ahmad has to postpone the vacation. If the plane tickets __________ (were not sold out, had not been sold out), Ahmad __________ (will not have to postpone, would not have to postpone) the vacation now.

Explain:

Things in the past have an effect on the present or future. Therefore, it is common to use a mix of tenses in unreal conditional sentences. Start from the basic patterns below. Mix and match them based on the time of the action or situation.

present or future time:

if clause:   simple past

result clause:   would+ base form of verb / would+ be + verb-ing

past time:

if clause:   past perfect

result clause:   would + have + past participle

Here, “would” can be replaced by “could” or “might” for a softer tone.

  • In Sentence #1,

if clause:   had not gotten (past perfect) to show past

result clause:   would not be planning (would + be + verb-ing) to show present

  • In Sentence #2,

if clause:   had not been sold out (past perfect) to show past

result clause:   would not have (would + base form of verb) to show present.

 

Review:

Facts: You accepted a job offer yesterday without discussing with me. We are arguing now.

  1. I __________ (would not have accepted, would not accept) this job offer yesterday if I __________ (were, had been) you.
  2. If you __________ (discussed, had discussed) the offer with me before accepting it, we __________ (would not be arguing, are not arguing, would not have been arguing) now.

 

 

Answers:

had not gotten; would not be planning; had not been sold out; would not have to postpone

would not have accepted; were; had discussed; would not be arguing

License