Lesson 22 had visited/ have visited/ will have visited

Choose the correct answers:

  1. Maria visited New York for the first time in 2015 and the second time in 2017. By the time she moved to Chicago in 2018, she __________ (had visited, has visited, will have visited) New York two times.
  2. Since Maria moved to Chicago in 2018, she __________ (had visited, has visited, will have visited) New York one more time. It was in 2019.
  3. Maria is planning to visit New York again next year. By the end of next year, she __________ (had visited, have visited, will have visited) New York four times.

Explain:

These three verb tenses – past perfect, present perfect, future perfect –  are not as confusing as many people might think.  One of the best ways to understand their differences is to move the time periods from the past, to the present, and to the future. While these tenses may have other uses and meanings, here is an explanation of the above three sentences:

past perfect: from further past (or past’s past) to past

present perfect: from past to present

future perfect: from past or present to future

  • In Sentence #1, from 2015 and 2017 to 2018, two visits (past’s past to past)
  • In Sentence #2, from 2018 to now, one visit (past to present)
  • In Sentence #3, from 2015 to next year, total four visits (past to future)

 

Review:

Maria __________ (had finished, has finished, will have finished) high school when she left her home country. She came to Harper College in 2020. Since then, she __________ (had finished, has finished, will have finished) twenty credit hours in the Early Childhood Education Certificate program. Maria plans to complete all the thirty credit hours required for the Certificate in the next year. She __________ (had obtained, has obtained, will have obtained) her Early Childhood Education Certificate by the end of next year.

 

 

Answers:

had visited; have visited; will have visited

had finished; has finished; will have obtained

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